If you're trying to learn the Chinese Alphabet which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about pronunciation, and sound of all letters There is no Chinese alphabet in the sense we understand it in the West. Chinese characters are not letters with some exceptionsChinese characters represent an idea, a concept or an object.
While in the west each of the letters of our alphabet represents a sound that generally has no particular meaning. There are over characters in Chinese. Below is only some of them. Try to concentrate on the lesson and memorize the sounds.
Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Chinese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson! Learning the Chinese alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Chinese language.
Chinese has no alphabet, they use pictograms. Each word has its own pictogram. You can compare it with numbers, if you read 5, depending on what language you speak you will say five Englishquince Frenchfunf German ,vijf Dutchpito Tagalog etc. But you will understand that it is a collection of 5 items. And so it is in Chinese, Chinese write down the meaning not the sound.
So you have to memorize the sound pronunciation of Chinese Characters, like you have to for numbers. You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but there is nothing better than hearing the sound of the letters in a video or audio. Below you will be able to hear how the Pinyin letters above are pronounced, just press the play button:.
The alphabet and its pronunciation have a very important role in Chinese. Once you're done with the Mandarin alphabet, you might want to check the rest of our Chinese lessons here: Learn Chinese.
Don't forget to bookmark this page. The links above are only a small sample of our lessons, please open the left side menu to see all links. Chinese Alphabet If you're trying to learn the Chinese Alphabet which is also called Mandarin, check our courses about pronunciation, and sound of all lettersRelated to alphabet: phonetic alphabet. At its most basic, the English alphabet is composed of five vowels letters representing speech sounds formed exclusively with an open airway and 21 consonants letters representing speech sounds formed with the tongue, teeth, and lipsfor a total of 26 letters.
Together, vowels and consonants form syllables in speech. Every vowel and consonant has at least one speech sound associated with it, but most letters can have several sounds, with their pronunciation depending on where they appear in a word, what letter s appear around them, and, in some cases, the etymology historical origin of the word.
The letters of a language, arranged in the order fixed by custom.
A set of basic parts or elements: "genetic markers See alphabeta ]. See also language ; spelling ; writing. Normally a set of graphic symbols which, either singly or in combinations, represents the sounds of a language. Alphabetic writing appears to have begun around BC. Its inventors are thought to have been the Egyptians, Phoenicians, or Hittites. The word comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta.
Switch to new thesaurus. Armenian alphabetArmenian - a writing system having an alphabet of 38 letters in which the Armenian language is written. Latin alphabetRoman alphabet - the alphabet evolved by the ancient Romans which serves for writing most of the languages of western Europe. Hebraic alphabetHebrew alphabetHebrew script - a Semitic alphabet used since the 5th century BC for writing the Hebrew language and later for writing Yiddish and Ladino.
CyrillicCyrillic alphabet - an alphabet derived from the Greek alphabet and used for writing Slavic languages Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Ukrainian, and some other Slavic languages. Arabic alphabet - the alphabet of 28 characters derived from Aramaic and used for writing Arabic languages and borrowed for writing Urdu.
I have learned all the letters of the Greek alphabet. Mentioned in? ABC abecedarian abecedary acrophonic acrophony aleph alpha alphabet code alphabet soup alphabetic character alphabetical alphabetics analphabetic Armenian alphabet ayin B beta beth bicameral script. References in classic literature? View in context. So labour at your AlphabetFor by that learning shall you get To lands where Fairies may be met. ROMANCE, who loves to nod and sing, With drowsy head and folded wing, Among the green leaves as they shake Far down within some shadowy lake, To me a painted paroquet Hath been - a most familiar bird - Taught me my alphabet to say - To lisp my very earliest word While in the wild wood I did lie, A child - with a most knowing eye.Alphabet Inc.
It was created through a restructuring of Google on October 2, and became the parent company of Google and several former Google subsidiaries. The establishment of Alphabet was prompted by a desire to make the core Google business "cleaner and more accountable" while allowing greater autonomy to group companies that operate in businesses other than Internet services.
Page and Brin remain co-founders, employees, board members, and controlling shareholders of Alphabet Inc. On August 10,Google Inc. In his announcement, Page described the planned holding company as follows:  .
Alphabet is mostly a collection of companies. The largest of which, of course, is Google. This newer Google is a bit slimmed down, with the companies that are pretty far afield of our main internet products contained in Alphabet instead. Fundamentally, we believe this allows us more management scale, as we can run things independently that aren't very related.
Page says the motivation behind the reorganization is to make Google "cleaner and more accountable and better". He also said he wanted to improve "the transparency and oversight of what we're doing", and to allow greater control of unrelated companies. Former executive Eric Schmidt now Technical Advisor revealed in the conference in the inspiration for this structure came from Warren Buffett and his management structure of Berkshire Hathaway a decade ago.
Before it became a subsidiary of Alphabet, Google Inc. The roles were reversed after a placeholder subsidiary was created for the ownership of Alphabet, at which point the newly formed subsidiary was merged with Google.
Google's stock was then converted to Alphabet's stock. Under the Delaware General Corporation Law where Alphabet is incorporateda holding company reorganization such as this can be done without a vote of shareholders, as this reorganization was. On December 3,Page and Brin jointly announced that they would step down from their respective roles, remaining as employees and still the majority vote on the board of directors.
Alphabet's largest subsidiary is Google. At the same time, it was announced that Google will be reorganized as a limited liability companyGoogle LLC. Eric Schmidt said at an Internet Association event in that there may eventually be more than 26 Alphabet subsidiaries. He also said that he was currently meeting with the CEOs of the current and proposed Alphabet subsidiaries.Alphabetset of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language.
In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence e. In the usual case, each alphabetic character represents either a consonant or a vowel rather than a syllable or a group of consonants and vowels. As a result, the number of characters required can be held to a relative few.
A language that has 30 consonant sounds and five vowels, for example, needs at most only 35 separate letters. Both syllabaries and alphabets are phonographic symbolizations; that is, they represent the sounds of words rather than units of meaning.
The word alphabetfrom the first two letters of the Greek alphabet— alpha and beta —was first used, in its Latin form, alphabetumby Tertullian 2nd—3rd century cea Latin ecclesiastical writer and Church Fatherand by St. The evolution of the alphabet involved two important achievements."Alphabet Occupations" - ABC Jobs Song for Kids - Learn the alphabet phonics with Jobs & Occupations
The first was the step taken by a group of Semitic-speaking people, perhaps the Phoenicians, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean between and bce.
This was the invention of a consonantal writing system known as North Semitic. The second was the invention, by the Greeks, of characters for representing vowels.
This step occurred between and bce. While some scholars consider the Semitic writing system an unvocalized syllabary and the Greek system the true alphabet, both are treated here as forms of the alphabet. Over the centuries, various theories have been advanced to explain the origin of alphabetic writing, and, since Classical times, the problem has been a matter of serious study.
The Greeks and Romans considered five different peoples as the possible inventors of the alphabet—the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Assyrians, Cretans, and Hebrews. Among modern theories are some that are not very different from those of ancient days.
Every country situated in or more or less near the eastern Mediterranean has been singled out for the honour. Egyptian writingcuneiformCretan, hieroglyphic Hittite, the Cypriot syllabaryand other scripts have all been called prototypes of the alphabet.
The Egyptian theory actually subdivides into three separate theories, according to whether the Egyptian hieroglyphic, the hieratic, or the demotic script is regarded as the true parent of alphabetic writing. Similarly, the idea that cuneiform was the precursor of the alphabet may also be subdivided into those singling out Sumerian, Babylonian, or Assyrian cuneiform. Among the various other theories concerning the alphabet are the hypotheses that the alphabet was taken by the Philistines from Crete to Palestine, that the various ancient scripts of the Mediterranean countries developed from prehistoric geometric symbols employed throughout the Mediterranean area from the earliest times, and that the proto-Sinaitic inscriptions discovered since in the Sinai Peninsula represent a stage of writing intermediate between the Egyptian hieroglyphics and the North Semitic alphabet.
Another hypothesisthe Ugaritic theory, evolved after an epoch-making discovery in and the years following at the site of the ancient Ugariton the Syrian coast opposite the most easterly cape of Cyprus. Thousands of clay tablets were found there, documents of inestimable value in many fields of research including epigraphyphilologyand the history of religion. Dating from the 15th and 14th centuries bcethey were written in a cuneiform alphabet of 30 letters.
The Early Canaanite theory is based on several undeciphered inscriptions also discovered since at various Palestinian sites; the writings belong in part to c. Despite the conflict in theories, scholars are generally agreed that, for about years before the middle of the 2nd millennium bcealphabet making was in the air in the Syro-Palestinian region. It is idle to speculate on the meaning of the various discoveries referred to.
That they manifest closely related efforts is certain; what the exact relationship among these efforts was, and what their relationship with the North Semitic alphabet was, cannot be said with certainty. It can, however, be ascertained that the period from to bce in SyriaPalestine, and Egypt, during which there was an uprooting of established cultural and ethnic patterns in the Fertile Crescentprovided conditions favourable to the conception of an alphabetic script, a kind of writing that would be more accessible to larger groups of people, in contrast to the scripts of the old states of Mesopotamia and Egypt, which were confined largely to the priestly class.
In default of other direct evidence, it is reasonable to suppose that the actual prototype of the alphabet was not very different from the writing of the earliest North Semitic inscriptions now extantwhich belong to the last two or three centuries of the 2nd millennium bce. The North Semitic alphabet was so constant for many centuries that it is impossible to think that there had been any material changes in the preceding two to three centuries.
Moreover, the North Semitic languagesbased as they are on a consonantal root i. The inventor or inventors of the alphabet were, no doubt, influenced by Egyptian writing—perhaps also by other scripts. Indeed, it is probable that those who invented the alphabet were acquainted with most of the scripts current in the eastern Mediterranean lands at the time.
It is now generally agreed that the originators belonged to the Northwest Semitic linguistic group, which includes the ancient Canaanites, Phoenicians, and Hebrews.
The North Semitic alphabet remained almost unaltered for many centuries. The Hebrew order of the letters seems to be the oldest. It includes the scratching of the first five letters of the early Hebrew alphabet in their conventional order, and it belongs to the 8th or 7th century bce. Article Media. Info Print Print.We know there are more important things than cars and corporate mobility right now.
For Alphabet the health of our employees and everyone we interact with — our families, communities and of course you, our customers — has top priority and we act accordingly. While we are aware of the situation, we are still here to do what we do best: provide maximum support from our customer service when needed.
With both car and commercial vehicle management expertise, we help companies manage their corporate mobility in an effective and sustainable way. With over 20 years of experience in international fleet management and leasing, we are committed to excellence in everything we do. We help our customers in both the public and private sectors to enjoy higher productivity and efficiency from their vehicles and drivers. Our comprehensive portfolio includes consulting and funding, as well as smart management products and services for company fleets.
Our customers can always rely on our premium service of fleet management. We are driven by creativity, an innovative vision of the future and the passionate commitment of our employees. If you are motivated to help us achieve our mission, share your ideas with us.
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Switzerland - FR. Login Log on to access our range of online services. Accept All Settings.The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letterseach having an upper- and lower-case form. It originated around the 7th century from the Latin script. Since then, letters have been added or removed to give the current Modern English alphabet of 26 letters the same as in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The word alphabet is a compound of first two letters of the Greek alphabetalpha and beta. The exact shape of printed letters varies depending on the typeface and fontand the shape of handwritten letters can differ significantly from the standard printed form and between individualsespecially when written in cursive style.
Written English has a number of digraphs and some longer multigraphsand is the only major modern European language that requires no diacritics for native words. The names of the letters are sometimes spelled out. Some compound words e. The spellings listed below are from the Oxford English Dictionary. Plurals of consonant names are formed by adding -s e. Plurals of vowel names add -es i. Most commonly, the letter generally in capitalized form and not its name is used, in which case plural just adds -s.
The names of the letters are for the most part direct descendants, via French, of the Latin and Etruscan names. See Latin alphabet: Origins. Some groups of letters, such as pee and beeor em and enare easily confused in speech, especially when heard over the telephone or a radio communications link. Spelling alphabets such as the ICAO spelling alphabetused by aircraft pilots, police and others, are designed to eliminate this potential confusion by giving each letter a name that sounds quite different from any other.
An example may be seen in M. Old and Middle English had a number of non-Latin letters that have since dropped out of use. These either took the names of the equivalent runessince there were no Latin names to adopt, or thorn, wyn were runes themselves. Informal English writing tends to omit diacritics because of their absence from the keyboard, while professional copywriters and typesetters tend to include them. In general, these devices are not used even where they would serve to alleviate some degree of confusion.
But it is used for two important purposes in written English: to mark the "possessive" [nb 12] and to mark contracted words. Current standards require its use for both purposes. Therefore, apostrophes are necessary to spell many words even in isolation, unlike most punctuation marks, which are concerned with indicating sentence structure and other relationships among multiple words.
Hyphens are often used in English compound words. Writing compound words may be hyphenated, open or closed, so specifics are guided by stylistic policy. Some writers may use a slash in certain instances. The letter most commonly used in English is E. The least used letter is Z. The frequencies shown in the table may differ in practice according to the type of text.
The letters A, E, I, O, and U are considered vowel letters, since except when silent they represent vowelsalthough I and U represent consonants in words such as "onion" and "quail" respectively.We do not intend to become one. We did a lot of things that seemed crazy at the time. We are still trying to do things other people think are crazy but we are super excited about.
But in the technology industry, where revolutionary ideas drive the next big growth areas, you need to be a bit uncomfortable to stay relevant. Our company is operating well today, but we think we can make it cleaner and more accountable.
So we are creating a new company, called Alphabet. What is Alphabet? Alphabet is mostly a collection of companies. The largest of which, of course, is Google. This newer Google is a bit slimmed down, with the companies that are pretty far afield of our main internet products contained in Alphabet instead.
What do we mean by far afield? Good examples are our health efforts: Life Sciences that works on the glucose-sensing contact lensand Calico focused on longevity. Alphabet is about businesses prospering through strong leaders and independence. In general, our model is to have a strong CEO who runs each business, with Sergey and me in service to them as needed. We will rigorously handle capital allocation and work to make sure each business is executing well.
In addition, with this new structure we plan to implement segment reporting for our Q4 results, where Google financials will be provided separately than those for the rest of Alphabet businesses as a whole.
This new structure will allow us to keep tremendous focus on the extraordinary opportunities we have inside of Google. A key part of this is Sundar Pichai. Sundar has been saying the things I would have said and sometimes better! He has really stepped up since October of last year, when he took on product and engineering responsibility for our internet businesses.
Sergey and I have been super excited about his progress and dedication to the company. I feel very fortunate to have someone as talented as he is to run the slightly slimmed down Google and this frees up time for me to continue to scale our aspirations.
I have been spending quite a bit of time with Sundar, helping him and the company in any way I can, and I will of course continue to do that.